Stanisław Dróżdż was born in 1939 in Sławków and died in 2009 in Wrocław, Poland. He graduated with a diploma from the Faculty of Polish Philology, University of Wrocław. He belongs to the most prominent representatives of concrete poetry, precursors of this movement in Polish art. The artist usually works with simple words, sometimes letters or numbers, out of which he forms set phrases. He called his works concept-shapes – term, introduced by artist, stems from the spatial formations of words, numbers, symbols and is perfectly relevant to the discipline he studied. Dróżdż was arranging them in two- or three-dimensional spaces, keeping in mind that “Traditional poetry describes an image. Concrete poetry writes in images.”.
“Między” (“In Between”) and “Alea iacta est” are considered Dróżdż’s most spectacular works. In 1977 in Foksal Gallery Dróżdż created an interior with white walls covered with a grid of black letters taken out of the word “between” and arranged randomly. However, the word itself did not appear in its original transcription with the correct letters order. The artist, as it were, invited the viewer inside the text and inside the word “between.” With the second abovementioned work – “Alea iacta est“ – he represented Poland at the 50th Art Biennale in Venice in 2003. At the center of the Polish pavilion stood a billiard table, on which lay six dice. On a sheet of instructions prepared in 40 languages, the artist invited viewers to a throw, and consequently, a search for the resulting combination on the walls of the pavilion covered entirely in dice. The winner was he or she who, from 46,656 possible combinations of dice, was successful in finding his or her own.